Impact of Prejudice on Mental Health Essay
Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Language English Pages 5-10 pages Description/Paper Instructions
Subject Psychology Topic Prejudice Type Research paper Level High School Style APA Sources 4 Language English(U.S.) Description Write a research paper answering the research question “How does prejudice affects individual mental state” and you can divide them into sub topics that include prejudice in general, culture and prejudice, and classism in particular. it should include a detailed literature review of the topic, and a proposed methodology of how you would go about answering your research question. I attached a detailed rubric and you can follow it. I also attached two examples of how I want it to be.
Impacts of Social Influence on Individual Growth
As people grow, they are likely to be affected by many factors, including social influence. Remarkably, social control refers to a type of behavior that one individual can induce on another one. The transmitted behavior may have a positive or negative impact on growth. It is important to note that even though many studies have been conducted to investigate the effects of social influence on individual growth, a lot can still be done.
Human beings are social characters. Through their day to day interactions, people are likely to be affected by social aspects of the surrounding environment (Morgeroth, Ryan, and Peters, 2015). Remarkably, it has been established that social influence on the growth of a person occurs through the entire life, since a child is likely to express either positive or negative emotions socially and emotionally based on the relationship with caregivers (Dhivya, 2017). Indeed, the growth of a child with regards to the development of social and emotional skills, as well as good understanding of life, is affected by their surrounding social factors (Dhivya, 2017). A good relationship encourages a child to grow positively. On the other hand, the reverse affect takes place, when a child and a caregiver are not in good social terms.
Social factors also influence on the growth in behavior and career of people in places of work. Specifically, social behavior of leaders is impactful to the growth of junior workers (Dhivya, 2017). It has been discovered that if leaders are acting as role models, behavior of other workers is also expected to change significantly (Morgeroth et al., 2015). For instance, when the manager manages time well, every other worker will also do the same (Morgeroth et al., 2015). Furthermore, if the person acting as a role model practices immorality and other evil practices, the juniors may also do the same (Dhivya, 2017). Indeed, social influence plays a crucial role in promoting the growth of individuals.
Behavior of people to influence others is explained by social psychology principles. Important aspects include prejudice, leadership, conformity, group behavior, social perception, non-verbal behavior, and aggression (Cherry, 2019). Furthermore, the way people think others portray them plays a significant role in shaping their conduct (Cherry, 2019). Indeed, one is expected to behave as required by others (Dhivya, 2017). For instance, a religious leader is supposed to act with respect, which is a perfect example illustrating how social influence contributes to individual development.
- To find out how social impact affects personal growth.
- To establish critical social factors that affect individual growth.
- To establish methods, if any, that can be used to control how social factors influence individual growth.
- Individual growth is shaped by social influence.
- The impacts of social influence on individual growth can be controlled.
How Study Contributes to Literature
The study will come up with relevant first-hand information to support the research.
The research methodology will involve 20 individuals drawn from different parts of the state. Importantly, to observe gender balance, ten men and ten women will be required. It is also important to note that participants of different age groups should be involved to come up with a clear understanding of the issue. Eight of the participants should be parents and employed.
The correlational study design will be used in the research. The approach is usually used to observe any relationship between two or more variables (CIRT, 2014). In this case, the two variables are social influence and individual growth.
Since the online platform will be used, materials required include a reliable data supply source, computers, and email addresses to be used in sending and receiving the surveying documents.
Data gathered, as well as information regarding the participants, will never be shared to respect privacy.
The participants will be informed about the objectives of the study in advance. After that, the materials will be sent to them and after a week, they will be collected for analysis. Participants will be advised to take time and offer the most accurate information.
Cultural influences affect individual development. As people interact with one another, their behavior is likely to change. Several studies indicate that social factors shape development. The hypothesis can be evaluated by conducting a study involving 20 participants of different demographic background. The study will offer information to support the existing literature works.
Cherry, K. (2019). An overview of social psychology. Very Well Mind. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/social-psychology-4157177
CIRT. (2014). Quantitative approaches. Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching. Retrieved from https://cirt.gcu.edu/research/developmentresources/research_ready/quantresearch/approaches
Dhivya. (2017). 8 factors that influence children’s social and emotional development. Mom Junction. Retrieved from: https://www.momjunction.com/articles/factors-that-influence-childrens-social-and-emotional-development_0077207/#gref
Morgeroth, T., Ryan, M. K., & Peters, K. (2015). The motivational theory of role modeling: How role models influence role aspirants’ goals. Review of General Psychology, 19(4), 465-483.
Conformity and Culture: Does Culture Influence group conformity?
Conformity is defined as the act of changing a person’s beliefs, attitudes or values as a result of group pressure. Conformity can be divided into sub types: compliance, internalization and identification (Conformity, 2019).
A study by Hyung (2013) was conducted on individualists and collectivist, to compare the level of conformity. The author concluded that internalization shows a lower level of cross-cultural difference compared to compliance.
In an article by Kim and Markus (1999), different figures were represented in 3 studies; East Asians chose figures that symbolized conformity, whereas Americans preferred figures that represented uniqueness. Uniqueness has a positive meaning of independence in American culture; however, conformity has positive meaning of harmony in East Asian culture.
An Asch-type line study conducted to examine the rates and change of conformity based on individualistic and collectivist cultures over the passage of time, in 17 countries. The outcomes drawn from the 3 surveys, concluded that collectivist countries had higher results of conformity versus individualist countries (Smith & Bond, 1996).
An article by Cinnirella and green (2006), the research has demonstrated that collectivist cultures are likely to conform more than those from individualistic cultures. On the other hand, there was a research that looked into the effects of communication (face-to-face vs. CMC) and culture (individualistic vs. collectivist).
Social identity theory was proposed by Tajfel in the early 1970s. His theory suggests that a person’s perception of themselves is influenced by the group they feel they are part of. Tajfel believes this affects their perception of others and influences their behavior in groups (Social Identity Theory, 2019). Previous experiments like Zimbardo’s prison experiment and Asch’s conformity experiment has shown that the it supports the social identity theory and conformity.
Our study contributes to the literature as we will be looking at a culture that has not been a part of the studies before, and that is the Arab culture. The aim of our study is to test the influence of culture on conformity. We believe if people come from an Arab culture, then they are more likely to conform when compared to westerners.
- 50 western participants, 50 Arab participants.
- Both male and female
- Age group: 20-30
- This study is both experimental and observational because we will be testing the participants and observing their behavior in the given situation. The data collected will be both quantitative and qualitative.
- 25 confederates
- Form to fill
- Empty classroom
- This experiment is not harmful in any way, participation is voluntary. All information will be kept confidential, your name will not be included in any research findings. For scientific reasons, our consent form does not include all of the information about the research however, you can see the results when the study is over. You may withdraw the experiment at any time.
- Our study aims to test conformity within people from two different cultures. An empty classroom will be designed as a waiting room and the experiment will take place there. The participants will be given a form and instructed to fill it in a waiting room. In the waiting room are 25 confederates who also have forms to fill. When sitting in the waiting room a bell will ring, with it the confederates will stand. When it rings again, they will sit, and so on.
- We believe that participants from a western culture are less likely to conform, as opposed to those form an Arab culture. That is because they value independences and being different, rather than being a part of the group.
Bond, R., & Smith, P. B. (1996). Culture and conformity: A meta-analysis of studies using Asch’s (1952b, 1956) line judgment task. Psychological Bulletin, 119(1), 111–137. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.119.1.111
Cinnirella, M., & Green, B. (2006, March 10). Does ‘cyber-conformity’ vary cross-culturally? Exploring the effect of culture and communication medium on social conformity. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563206000100
Conformity. (2019). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from https://academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/conformity/604126#
Hyung, D., S.H. (2013). Do Collectivists Conform More than Individualists? Cross-Cultural Differences in Compliance and Internalization. Social Behavior and Personality, 41(6), 981 – 994. http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2013.41.6.981.
Kim, H., & Markus, H. R. (1999). Deviance or uniqueness, harmony or conformity? A cultural analysis. Journal of personality and social psychology, 77(4), 785.
Social identity theory. (2019). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from https://academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/social-identity-theory/604139
Spacing Double Pages 5-10
Quality of Response No Response Poor/Unsatisfactory Satisfactory Good Excellent Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. The can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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