The importance of the proper sanitation of food vending sites in public health discourse cannot be understated. The implications of the study for food hygiene and safety transcends the food industry in Nigeria, it is also applicable to the informal food vending sector across the developing world. The authors conducted the study on a large sample size that was drawn from different locations in Benin City (Okojie & Isah, 2014). The random sampling of mobile and stationary food vendors ensured that the samples chosen eliminated any inherent bias and it adequately represented the targeted population for the investigation. However, the scope of the study should have been widened by choosing three or more cities across a larger geographical area.
The authors found no correlation between gender and education and proper sanitation practices when vending food. Consequently, it is important to sensitize the food vending community on excellent sanitation practices because cleanliness appears to be a personal virtue that is independent of any external influences. The results of this study can be used to guide public health policy in the vending sector. Aside from training food vendors, the study is also important for improving public health education. The precautionary principle can be applied to this investigation by considering the uncertainty surrounding the full application of the highlighted sanitation principles by food vendors. For most food traders, the choice to adhere to clean practices is usually a personal one.
A similar study by Iwu et al. (2017) conforms to this investigation with regards to the consequences of the lack of or adherence to good sanitation on public health. The study found out that the vendors’ attitudes towards food hygiene guided their observance of clean procedures.
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