ANSWER TO THE QUESTION
The American diplomat George Kennan’s Long Telegram is regarded as a very important document that guided the United States’ relations with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The document was published at a time when the US-Soviet relations were decaying, Kennan was appalled by the US administration’s insistence on reverting to the World War II relations between the two countries. Kennan holds that the Soviet Union is run by hardliners who cannot fathom “peaceful” relations with the West. The Soviets are very mistrustful of their neighbors, and they prefer a total annihilation of any rival powers. Coming from a revolution, Soviet leaders sought to maintain the status quo by inhibiting any form of free thinking among their populace. Western ideas were viewed as too radical, and to maintain the glory of the motherland, its leaders had to ensure its militaristic supremacy. As Kennan notes, the Soviets preferred war to peace when dealing with Western countries, and this could have been to promote a sense of nationalism which would guarantee the leaders power.
Kennan’s Strategy of Containment ruffled feathers in Washington, especially the officials who had hoped for an alliance with Moscow. He highlighted the Soviet threat where the Communist nation was willing to weaken other countries to advance itself. He was justified in advocating for containment because the Soviet leadership was aggressive and the Western world needed to contain it militarily and economically. The impending antagonism between the two worlds could only be mitigated through restraint as the Soviet leadership had developed an inherent hostility towards foreign nations…
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