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Explanation of Threaded Discussions Essay
Threaded discussions refer to online postings on a specific topic in an online course. Each week, I will post a question that will require you to post your response, respond to your classmates (2) and/or Professor Wright. Your initial response should be posted 3 days after the start of a new module or week. However, you will have until 11:59 PM (7 days from the start of the new week) to complete all requirements for the threaded discussion. When you respond to a threaded discussion question, you should not merely post with a short, unsupported response. Rather, your answer should be supported by facts from the textbook or a documented, reputable source.
Please check for spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors. This professor grades very harshly on errors.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 Management and Organizational Behavior 7
1.1 The Nature of Work 8 1.2 The Changing Workplace 11 1.3 The Nature of Management 21 1.4 A Model of Organizational Behavior and Management 26
2 Individual and Cultural Differences 35
2.1 Individual and Cultural Factors in Employee Performance 36 2.2 Employee Abilities and Skills 37 2.3 Personality: An Introduction 40 2.4 Personality and Work Behavior 41 2.5 Personality and Organization: A Basic Conflict? 45 2.6 Personal Values and Ethics 48 2.7 Cultural Differences 52
3 Perception and Job Attitudes 63
3.1 The Perceptual Process 64 3.2 Barriers to Accurate Social Perception 73 3.3 Attributions: Interpreting the Causes of Behavior 76 3.4 Attitudes and Behavior 81 3.5 Work-Related Attitudes 84
4 Learning and Reinforcement 95
4.1 Basic Models of Learning 96 4.2 Reinforcement and Behavioral Change 104 4.3 Behavior Modification in Organizations 112 4.4 Behavioral Self-Management 116
5 Diversity in Organizations 125
5.1 An Introduction to Workplace Diversity 126 5.2 Diversity and the Workforce 127 5.3 Diversity and Its Impact on Companies 138 5.4 Challenges of Diversity 143 5.5 Key Diversity Theories 148 5.6 Benefits and Challenges of Workplace Diversity 151 5.7 Recommendations for Managing Diversity 153
6 Perception and Managerial Decision Making 165
6.1 Overview of Managerial Decision-Making 167 6.2 How the Brain Processes Information to Make Decisions: Reflective and Reactive
Systems 170 6.3 Programmed and Nonprogrammed Decisions 172 6.4 Barriers to Effective Decision-Making 175 6.5 Improving the Quality of Decision-Making 179 6.6 Group Decision-Making 189
7 Work Motivation for Performance 199
7.1 Motivation: Direction and Intensity 201 7.2 Content Theories of Motivation 204 7.3 Process Theories of Motivation 219 7.4 Recent Research on Motivation Theories 236
8 Performance Appraisal and Rewards 247
8.1 Performance Appraisal Systems 248 8.2 Techniques of Performance Appraisal 252 8.3 Feedback 264 8.4 Reward Systems in Organizations 265 8.5 Individual and Group Incentive Plans 271
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