Read/review the following resources for this activity:
Textbook: Chapter 5, 13
Link (Word doc): Con-Position Proposal TemplatePreview the document
Minimum of 3 new articles (academic or credible online sources different from Weeks 1 & 2 articles)
Apply the following writing resources to your posts:
Link (library article): Counterpoint: Vaccines: Caution Advised (Links to an external site.) (This is a sample con article. This link will take you to an overview of vaccines. Click on the title under Related Items in this overview area to access the article.)
Link (multimedia presentation): Citing References in Text (Links to an external site.)
Link (website): APA Citation and Writing (Links to an external site.)
For this assignment, you will select a topic different from the pro topic you worked on in Weeks 1-2. Conduct research on the topic and locate articles that takes a clear con position.
Next, develop a con-position proposal for this new topic. The goal of the proposal is to create a working thesis statement and basic research plan that considers context, audience, purpose, and presents potential sources. A proposal is not an outline, as it does not structure the paper. Rather, a proposal offers direction for research needs and gives your professor an opportunity to provide feedback before the drafting process.
Access the Con-Position Proposal Template and complete the six required sections:
Synthesis Matrix (Add the 3 con sources.)
For an example proposal, refer to pages 269-270 of our textbook.
Writing Requirements (APA format)
Length: 1 to 1.5 pages (not including title page & reference page)
12-point Times New Roman font
Title page & Reference Page
Reference page (3 articles)
Please use this document as a template for your proposal by filling in the sections with blue font.
|SUBJECT:||Topic choice (1-4 words)|
|RESEARCH QUESTION:||Present your research question (1 sentence).|
|CLAIM:||Present your working thesis statement here. Try to include the topic and all 3 con-points (1 sentence).|
|RESEARCH PROPOSAL:||Detail your thoughts on developing/proving your thesis and finding applicable research. What challenges or complications might you encounter from your audience or the research process? How will you overcome such obstacles? (1-2 paragraphs)|
3 SOURCE COLLECTION via a Synthesis Matrix
A Synthesis Matrix is basically a visual representation of our collected resources. It shows the breakdown of topic to specific evidence. Please fill in the table below with your 3 collected resources (you should have at least one from this week’s discussion board). Some sources may cover more than one pro-point, while others just prove the one pro-point.
|Source: Use an APA in-text citation||1stCon-Point:
Note point here
Note point here
Note point here
|(Author, year) for first source||Detail Evidence|
|(Author, year) for second source||Detail Evidence|
|(Author, year) for third source||Detail Evidence|
All Children Should be Vaccinated
Data from the world health organization currently shows that immunization prevents the loss of lives of 2-3 million children annually (World health organization, 2019). This statistic shows that immunizing children is very important for the survival of children. All children should be vaccinated because vaccines save lives, prevent outbreak of preventable diseases, and helps families to save money.
Immunization helps to save the lives of millions of children across the world. Over 2 million lives are saved through immunizations every year. Immunizing children reduces the risk of them getting infected with deadly diseases such as mumps, measles, and polio (Begg, 2013). Receiving vaccines improves the immunity of children therefore reducing the chances of getting attacked by deadly diseases such as polio. Polio is a viral disease which is highly infectious and can cause irreversible paralysis if it is not prevented (Shahzad and Köhler, 2009). In 2018, 85% of infants around the world received the vaccine. Polio was once responsible for over 350,000 deaths annually but all that is history now thanks to vaccination efforts to eradicate the disease (World Health Organization, 2017). Currently, cases of people suffering from polio have reduced by 99%.
Some people might argue that vaccines put children’s lives at risk but that information is no accurate. The common argument is that some of the elements used in vaccines such as aluminum and mercury are harmful. However, this argument is not valid because there is existing scientific evidence to show that aluminum is harmless in small quantities. Antacids which are commonly used have about 1,000 as much aluminum as vaccines and there have not been any cases associated with harmful effects of aluminum in antacids.
Vaccines prevent outbreak of deadly preventable diseases. Most fatal diseases which used to claim a lot of lives in the past have been contained or eradicated. The rubella virus which was eradicated in the USA in 2004 used to be a fatal disease. During its last epidemic in the USA, about 12.5 million people were infected with rubella, while 11,000 pregnant ladies lost their babies, 2100 newly born infants lost their lives, while 20,000 were diagnosed with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) (Antipova, 2014). Today, very few report having the virus: less than ten cases of rubella virus are reported in the USA. Majority of people who report cases of rubella virus acquire it from foreign countries. The rubella virus is an example of how vaccines can prevent an outbreak of preventable diseases and save millions of lives.
Opponents of vaccination argue that too many vaccines given to children can overwhelm their immune system. There is no scientific evidence to back up the claims that too many vaccines overwhelm the immune system of children. Millions of vaccines are administered every year but very few cases of allergic reactions are reported. The number of harmful effects of vaccines is very rare even the CDC is unable to calculate the statistics.
Vaccines help families save money by avoiding spending money to treat diseases. Families who do not vaccine their children end up spending a lot of money treating their children. For example, children who get infected with polio suffer from irreversible paralysis which is costly over a long period of time. Other preventable diseases are also expensive to treat if they are not vaccinated early. If not vaccinated, these diseases can cause death which robs the family of their loved ones.
Opponents of vaccines say that vaccines are unnecessary expenses for diseases which have already been eradicated. This is not true because the diseases can emerge if a person from a foreign country has it. Diseases such as polio and rubella can still emerge and cause a lot of deaths. It is important to continue vaccinating against eradicated diseases to prevent them from emerging again.
In conclusion, vaccinating all children is important because there is scientific evidence to prove that vaccines are effective. Many lives are saved when children are vaccinated. About 3 million lives are saved every year through vaccinations. Vaccines have also helped in eradicating deadly diseases such as polio and preventing an outbreak. Money that could have been used to treat children who suffer from preventable diseases is saved when they get vaccinated. All children should be vaccinated because vaccines save lives, prevent the outbreak of preventable diseases, and help families to save lives.
World Health Organization. (2017). 10 facts on polio eradication. [online] Available at: https://www.who.int/features/factfiles/polio/en/ [Accessed 13 Jan. 2020].
Who.int. (2019). Immunization coverage. [online] Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/immunization-coverage [Accessed 13 Jan. 2020].
Antipova, A. (2014). RUBELLA VIRUS AND ITS TERATOGENIC ACTION. PATHOGENESIS, CLINICAL COURSE, DIAGNOSTICS AND PREVENTION OF CONGENITAL RUBELLA SYNDROME. Part 2. Congenital rubella syndrome. Russian Journal of Infection and Immunity, 1(2), p.131.
Begg, N. (2013). Trust in Vaccines: Why It Takes More than Good Faith. Vaccines, 1(3), pp.343-347.
Shahzad, A. and Köhler, G. (2009). Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV): A strong candidate vaccine for achieving global polio eradication program. Vaccine, 27(39), pp.5293-5294.
Cite references in APA format