Respond to the following posts
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As human beings, we proud ourselves on impressing our friends and others to boost up our self esteem. We want to make sure that the people around us are genuine and share the same beliefs as us. This brings me to a very popular term named group social cohesion. Group social cohesion is expressed by how the group members get along with each other and liking the group ( Forysth, 2019). The five-stage model of group development is a big concept when it comes to the group cohesion and the factors. The five-stage model of group development consists of the stages orientation (forming), conflict (storming), structure (norming), performance (performing) and dissolution (adjourning) stages. The beginning stage or orientation consists of the characteristics polite, group’s goals; leader is active; tentative,concern for ambiguity, members are compliant (Forsyth, 2019). Some of the characteristics of storming (conflict) are poor attendance; polarization; hostility;Criticism of ideas and coalition formation (Forsyth, 2019). Lastly, the group development on structure (norming) consist of reduction in role ambiguity;Agreement on procedures, and increased “we-feeling”(Forsyth, 2019).
In Group Counseling Strategies and Skills, there are many different leadership skills and development listed that are used in group development. Some examples of the leadership approaches are setting a positive tone that all members can relate too, explaining the leaders’ role and the expectations, and helping new and old members get acquainted (Jacobs et al., 2016). One of the main purposes of the leader in the group is to figure out the purpose of each member joining the group and helping them get comfortable in the overall setting. Cohesion is created between members when they feel like they are in a safe and uplifting environment which causes them to be more open to them. The leader or facilitator’s job is to make the space amongst the group members safe (Brooks, 2017).
The most critical setting in group development is storming/norming according to the video. Our flesh tends to show up when we are moving from the beginning stage to the transitional stage (Brooks, 2017). Therefore, tensions and conflicts will arise due to different outlooks and beliefs, but they have to overcome it in order to reach the working stage. Due to conflict being the yang to the yin of group harmony, the leader should be able to balance it and help the group overcome it (Forsyth, 2019). Conflict is needed in the group development process because it helps members to engage with people that might not always share their point of view, help them learn anger control, and help them learn communication skills.
Brooks, J., Barker, G. (2017). HSCO 511 Week Two, Lecture One: Benefits of Group Counseling. [Video]. Lynchburg, VA: Liberty University Online
Forsyth, D. R. (2019). Group dynamics (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Jacobs, E., Schimmel, C., Masson, R., and Harvill, R. (2016). Group counseling: Strategies and skills (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
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