BUP Post Disaster Assessments and Priorities Discussion Response
I have 2 of my classmates posts. I need you to respond to each one separately. Also, two sources at least for each one of them. Don’t write about how good their posts or how bad. All you need to do is to choose one point of the post and explore it a little bit with one source support for each response. The paper should be APA style.
– pleas use proper APA 6 references format and in-line citation.
– Minimum words for every respond 300
-Minimum references 2
All the details in the attached below
DB question: BUP Post Disaster Assessments
In Chapter 14, Landesman talks about post-disaster assessments and post-disaster priorities. Describe and briefly discuss an example of a real-world post-disaster assessment and a post-disaster priority. Reference the literature citation, website or whatever else you used to substantiate your answer (i.e. the answer can not be theoretical or based on personal experience alone).
First Post: FAR
Nepal is the 11th most earthquake-prone country in the world experiencing a major earthquake every few generations. In April 2015, Kathmandu recorded an earthquake of magnitude 7.6. More than 300 aftershocks followed the catastrophic earthquake. This earthquake was more significant than other earthquakes. It covered residential and government buildings, heritage sites, schools, and health posts, rural roads, water supply systems, agricultural land, hydropower plants, and many local government offices providing public services ended up reduced to rubbles (Langella).
The government of Nepal made an official request for international assistance within hours of the earthquake. Several rounds of consultations were made with stakeholders to make the exercise transparent and participatory. Over 60 countries provided emergency relief and humanitarian aid to the affected population as well as other United Nations and other international agencies.
Neighboring countries provided aircraft which used in carrying out numerous tasks. The tasks included flying relief food and supplies into the country and aid in distribution into remote areas. UN support was launched to meet critical humanitarian needs for the following three months. Transit shelters were established immediately in Kathmandu with the official backing in designated public spaces. However, the provision of non-food items proved unforthcoming as the fear of being trapped made numerous communities, even those not affected, to seek temporary shelter in the open.
As usual, in times of disaster, young men and women helped in digging out their neighbors from the rubble and helping in whatever way that they could before rescue or arrival of relief teams. Local affiliates and NGOs based in Nepal joined together in community relief and rescue efforts. A vast number of volunteer groups, especially professionals like engineers and doctors, and youth, were active in caring for the wounded, providing food and temporary shelter, as well as attending to other crucial needs (Louise Bracken, 2018).
Langella, F. (n.d.). PreventionWeb. Retrieved from Nepal earthquake 2015: Post disaster needs assessment: https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/44973
Louise Bracken, H. A. (2018). Evolving Narratives of Hazard and Risk: The Gorkha Earthquake, Nepal, 2015.
Second post: SWIDAN: BUP Post Disaster Assessments
Disasters are naturally occurring catastrophic incidents triggered by occurring phenomena such as earthquakes and having an immediate impact on human health. The post-disaster assessment aims to analyze the effects of the disaster and recognize the priority needs for recovery (“Post-disaster needs assessment guidelines,” 2013, par. 1). The post-disaster needs assessment seeks to rebuild affected buildings, homes, governance to reduce any future catastrophic event.
Natural disasters require immediate assessment after they occur to prevent further damage to property and loss of lives. In Sindupakhow, Gorkha, and Nuisakot district, a total of 446 public health centers were destroyed in an earthquake. Twelve clinics and five hospitals were among the facilities ruined. A total of 8702 deaths and 22,303 injuries were reported (SEARO & World Health Organization, 2016, pp. 23-25). The data was confirmed after an assessment team went on a field visit. A high standard board, headed by the secretary, was established shortly after the earthquake. The function of the committee was to estimate the damages of infrastructure. Damage of properties and infrastructures interrupted the delivery of health care services at the period of high demand for services as a result of an increased number of injuries(SEARO & World Health Organization, 2016, pp. 23-25). 18 healthcare staff and volunteers were killed and 75 wounded, which resulted in challenges in healthcare delivery. Therefore, the assessment of disasters outcomes is critical in avoiding loss of lives and damage to property.
The government took the top priority actions to save lives. The post-disaster priority included the deployment of medical personnel in affected regions and the supply of medications and provision for quality care for the injured, including patients transferred from other districts; the government was forced to open six emergency hospitals in Kathamandu (SEARO & World Health Organization, 2016, pp. 23-25). Apart from the regular health service, the profoundly affected districts were provided with reproductive health kits, hygiene kits, and dignity kits. Therefore, the government took immediate responsive measures to fight the outcomes of the disaster.
After a disaster, countries affected must spend significant resources to meet the recovery needs. A comprehensive assessment is executed; it approximates the damages and recognizes the needs of the population affected (“Post-disaster needs assessments,” 2019, par. 1). Post-disaster assessment is the first phase of creating a recovery program to facilitate fairness, inclusion, and recognize priority needs for the population affected.
Post-disaster needs assessment guidelines. (2013). Retrieved from https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/39357
Post-disaster needs assessments. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/2030-agenda-for-sustainable-development/planet/disaster-risk-reduction-and-recovery/post-disaster-needs-assessments.html
SEARO, & World Health Organization. (2016). Health and Population. In Nepal Earthquake 2015: An Insight Into Risks – a Vision for Resilience (1st ed., pp. 23-25). Nepal: Searo Publication.https://www.npc.gov.np/images/category/PDNA_volume_BFinalVersion.pdf
BUP Post Disaster Assessments and Priorities Discussion Response
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