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Experience Writing and Administrating Paper
The conceptual variable I chose is leadership, also known as a trait which are personality variables. Personality variables usually do not vary and if they do it is very slow (Stangor, 2015). While writing the Likert-scale questionnaire I was thinking about what makes a good leader.
Therefore, the questions I wrote are formatted in a way that could figure out if someone has a leadership personality. This was the easy part because I believe there is a lot of qualities that make up a good leader. Administering the scale was quite simple I had my husband, my cousin, and my best friend complete the scale.
I chose them because my husband is a natural-born leader, my cousin has leadership skills however she would rather not make the ultimate decisions, and for my best friend she is a teacher and her leadership style are different.
Conceptual variable to Measured Variable
Measuring leadership as a characteristic of one’s personality can be difficult. I believe that my Likert scale has made it easy to see if participants have a leadership trait by the questions I asked. If the participant answers that they strongly agree to the statement “I avoid making decisions” that would be one factor against the leadership trait.
Reliability and Validity
The strengths in my scale concerning reliability is that leadership traits rarely change or if they do it is very slow, so if a test-retest approach was done it would have consistent responses proving reliable. Limitations concerning reliability in the leadership scale could be reactivity also know as retesting effects.
Retesting effects are participants remembering the test and answering them the exact same way without even considering a change, that way they do not seem inconsistent (Stangor, 2015). This would cause limitations concerning the reliability of the leadership scale.
Strengths in the leadership scale concerning validity is that the questions on the scale are referenced to the content of what makes a leader. “Content validity is the extent to which the measured variables appear to have adequately covered the full domain of the conceptual variable (Stangor, 2015).”
Having questions based on content helps make the scale result in valid data. However, limitations to the leadership scale concerning content validity is that leadership can be described in many ways and left up to self-interpretations.
Stangor, C. (2015). Research methods for the behavioral sciences (5th ed.) Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.
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